RAS MAINS SYLLABUS & STRATEGY - Nirman Career Academy, Udaipur


Paper – 1

General Knowledge and General Studies

History, Art, Culture, Literature, Tradition & Heritage of Rajasthan

  • Major Landmarks in the History of Rajasthan, Major Dynasties, their Administrative and Revenue System
  • Socio-cultural Issues
  • Freedom Movement, Political Awakening and Integration
  • Salient features of Architecture – Forts and Monuments
  • Arts, Paintings and Handicrafts
  • Important Works of Rajasthani literature. Local Dialects
  • Fairs, Festivals, Folk Music and Folk Dances
  • Rajasthani Culture, Traditions and Heritage
  • Religious Movements, Saints & Lok devtas of Rajasthan
  • Important Tourist Places
  • Leading Personalities of Rajasthan

Indian History

Ancient & Medieval Period:

  • Salient features and Major Landmarks of Ancient and Medieval India.
  • Art, Culture, Literature and Architecture.
  • Major Dynasties, Administrative, Social and Economic system. Socio-cultural Issues, Prominent Movements.
  • Ancient Indian Cultural System & Ideals- Varna Vyavastha, Ashram Vyavastha, Sanskar Vyavastha, Doctrine of Purushartha, Rina and Rita.
  • Secularism, Religious Tolerance, Religious Unity.

Modern Period:

Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

  • The Freedom Struggle & Indian National Movement- its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Social and Religious reform movements in the 19th and 20th century.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. 

History of Modern World

  • Renaissance and Reformations.
  • American War of Independence.
  • Industrial Revolution, French Revolution and Russian Revolution.
  • Imperialism and colonialism in Asia and Africa.
  • World War First and World War Second.

Indian Constitution, Political System Governance

  • Indian Constitution: historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Determinants and Nature of Indian Politics, Election and Voting Behavior
  • Coalition Governments.
  • Parliamentary Form of Government.
  • Federal Dynamics.
  • Judicial Review.
  • Challenges of National Integration. 

Administrative System of Rajasthan

  • Administrative Setup and Administrative Culture in Rajasthan.
  • Various Rights and Citizen Charter.

Economic Concepts and Indian Economy

  • Accounting – Techniques of Analysis of Financial Statements, Working Capital Management.
  • Auditing – Meaning, Objects, Detection of Frauds and Errors, Internal Control, Social Audit, Propriety Audit, Performance Audit, Efficiency Audit.
  • Budgeting – Different types of Budgeting, Budgetary Control, Responsibility Accounting, Social Accounting, Different types of Deficits- Budgetary, Fiscal & Revenue Deficit.
  • Major Sectors of Economy – Agriculture, Industry, Service and Trade- Current Status, Issues & initiatives.
  • Banking – Role of Commercial Banks, Issue of NPA, Financial Inclusion
  • Major Economic Problems and Government Initiatives.
  • Growth, Development & Planning – Issues, trends & initiatives; Fast, inclusive & Sustainable Growth.
  • Growth Indicators.
  • Public Finance, Monetary Policies, Inflation & Control Mechanism, Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate, CRR & SLR.
  • Tax Reforms in India, Direct & Indirect Tax Reforms.
  • Subsidies – Cash Transfer of Subsidy Issue.
  • Concept of Money Supply and High Powered Money.
  • Food Security & PDS.
  • Role of Foreign Capital, MNCs in Indian Economy.
  • Investment and Disinvestment Policies.
  • New waves of Economic Reforms in India.
  • Role and Functions of Reserve Bank, SEBI, Planning Commission. 

Economy of Rajasthan

  • Macro overview of Economy of Rajasthan.
  • Major Agricultural, Industrial and Service sector Issues.
  • Growth, Development and Planning with special reference to Rajasthan.
  • Infrastructure & Resources, Sources of high growth for Rajasthan Economy.
  • Major development projects of Rajasthan.
  • Public Private Partnership Model for Economic Transformation in the State.
  • Demographic Scenario of the State and its impact.

Geography of World and India

World Geography:

  • Broad Physical features.
  • Environmental and Ecological Issues.
  • Current Geopolitical Conflict Zones.

Geography of India:

  • Broad Physical Features and Major Physiographic Divisions.
  • Environmental and Ecological Issues.
  • Natural Resources.

Geography of Rajasthan

  • Major Geographical Regions.
  • Natural Vegetation.
  • Livestocks, Wildlife & its Conservation.
  • Agro-climatic Regions.
  • Metallic & Non-Metallic Minerals.
  • Energy Resources- Conventional & Non-conventional.
  • Population & Tribes.

Paper – 2

General Knowledge and General Studies

Logical reasoning (Deductive, Inductive, Abductive)

  • Statement And Assumptions, Statement and Argument, Statements and Conclusion.
  • Courses of Action.
  • Analytical Reasoning.

Mental Ability:

  • Number series,
  • Letter series,
  • Odd man out,
  • Coding-Decoding,
  • Problems relating to Relations,
  • Shapes and their subsections,
  • Venn diagram.

Basic Numeracy (Elementary knowledge of Mathematical and Statistical Analysis):

  • Number System,
  • Problems on Numbers and Order of Magnitude,
  • Ratio and Proportion,
  • Compound Proportion,
  • Percentage,
  • Average
  • H.C.F.,
  • C.M.,
  • Square Root,
  • Cube Root,
  • Time and Work,
  • Time, Speed and Distance,
  • Simple and Compound Interest,
  • Area and Perimeter of Simple Geometrical Shapes.
  • Data Analysis (Tables, Bar diagram, Line graph, Pie-chart) and Interpretation of Categorized Data,
  • Sampling,
  • Probability,
  • Linear Regression and Correlation,
  • Distribution (Binomial, Poisson & Normal).

General Science & Technology

General and Everyday Science

  • Basics of Physics, Chemistry and Biological Sciences.
  • Basic Knowledge of Computers and Use of Information Technology in Administration, e-governance, e-commerce.
  • Food and Nutrition, Health Care.
  • General Issues on Environment, Ecological Preservation, Conservation of Natural Resources, Wildlife and Biodiversity.
  • Contributions of Scientists in the Development of Science and Technology with Particular Reference to India.
  • Importance of Science and Technology in development of India.
  • Important Technological Concepts and Advancements.
  • Information and Communication Technology (ICT).
  • Space Technology and Robotics.
  • Forensic Science Technology.
  • Food and Nutrition Technology.
  • Defense Technology.
  • Other Recent Technologies and Innovations.
  • Technology Related Issues Regarding Intellectual Property Right.

Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Dairy and Animal Husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan.

Various Scientific & Technological Projects of Rajasthan.

Paper – 3

General Knowledge and General Studies

Current Affairs

  • Major Current events and happenings of State(Rajasthan), National and
  • International Importance.
  • Persons and Places in recent news.
  • Games and Sports related Activities.

India and Global Perspective 

India in Global Perspective

  • Current Global Developments impeaching upon Society and Economy of India.
  • Emerging World Order in the Post Cold War Era, Role and Impact of UNO and
  • different world Organisations.
  • Comparative status of Developing, Emerging and Developed Countries, Problems of Developing Countries.
  • Threat of War and Disastrous Weapons, Risks of Nuclear Power.

Global Economic issues and trends 

  • Issue of Economic Imbalances.
  • Role of World Bank, IMF WTO & other Important International Organisations in world Economy.
  • Impacts of Globalisation,
  • Privatisation,

International Affair and Diplomatic Strategy

  • International Affair and Indian Foreign Policy.
  • International Treaties and Summits.
  • Geo–Political and Strategic Developments in India’s Neighborhood and their Impact on India.

Current Sensitive Issues 

Issues related to National Integrity and Security: 

  • Potential areas of Socio-political conflicts between and within Indian States,
  • Traditional,
  • Contemporary and Emerging Threats;
  • Internal and External Threats;
  • Threats of Conflicts, Naxal Problems,
  • Terrorism,
  • Trans-border Infiltration and Insurgency Issues,
  • Communalism, Organised crimes,
  • Cyber issues,
  • Drug trafficking and other such issues.

Governance Issues:

  • Sustainable and Inclusive Growth,
  • Current Social Challenges,
  • Issues related to Youth, Women, Children, Old Age People, Minority, Weaker Sections, Tribal, Farmers, Labourers and Professionals in India and Rajasthan.
  • Gender Equality,
  • Women Empowerment,
  • Human Rights,
  • Social Justice,
  • Land Acquisition.
  • Challenges pertaining to Urbanisation,
  • Demographic imbalances,
  • Regional imbalances and Social Conflicts.

Pressure Groups and Organisational Development: 

  • Role of NGOs,
  • Civil Society,
  • Action Groups,
  • Self Help Groups; Producer’s Associations,
  • Consumer Forums,
  • Co-operative Groups.
  • Possibilities,
  • Resources and Programmes for Development in Rajasthan
  • Important Issues of Development with Special Reference to Rajasthan Infrastructure & Resources of Rajasthan –
  • Current Status,
  • Issues & Initiatives Various National Missions,
  • Projects and Schemes of Rajasthan- Their Objectives and Impact.

Possibilities, Resources and Programmes for Development in Rajasthan

  • Important Issues of Development with Special Reference to Rajasthan
  • Infrastructure & Resources of Rajasthan – Current Status, Issues & Initiatives
  • Various National Missions, Projects and Schemes of Rajasthan- Their Objectives and Impact.

Administrative Ethics

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in human actions; Dimensions of Ethics; Ethics in Private and Public Relationships.
  • Aptitude and Foundational Value of Civil Services : integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  • Emotional Intelligence : concepts and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Strengthening of Moral values in Governance and Public Administration.

Paper – 4 

Knowledge of Language (Hindi and English)

चतुर्थ प्रश्नपत्र-भाषागत ज्ञान (हिन्दी एवं अंग्रेजी)

सामान्य हिन्दी (राजस्थानी सहित)

कुल अंक : 120


अंक – 100

इस प्रश्न पत्र का उद्‌देश्य अभ्यर्थी की भाषा-विषयक क्षमता तथा उसके विचारों की सही, स्पष्ट एवं प्रभावपूर्ण अभिव्यक्ति की परख करना है।


अंक – 30

  • संधि एवं संधिविच्छेद – दिए हुए शब्दों में संधि करना और संधि-विच्छेद करना।
  • उपसर्ग – उपसर्गों का सामान्य ज्ञान और उनके संयोग से शब्दों की संरचना और शब्दों में विद्यमान उपसर्गों को पृथक्‌ करना।
  • प्रत्यय – प्रत्ययों का सामान्य ज्ञान और उनके संयोग से शब्दों की संरचना और शब्दों में विद्यमान प्रत्ययों को पृथक्‌ करना।
  • शब्द – युग्मों का अर्थभेद
  • एक वाक्यांश के लिए एक सार्थक शब्द
  • वाक्य-शुद्धि – विभिन्न व्याकरणिक अशुद्धियों वाले वाक्य को शुद्ध करना।
  • मुहावरे व अनुप्रयोग
  • पारिभाषिक-शब्दावली – प्रशासन से सम्बन्धित अंग्रेजी शब्दों के समानार्थक हिन्दी शब्द।


अंक – 30

  • संक्षिप्तीकरण – गद्यावतरण का उचित शीर्षक एवं एक-तिहाई शब्दों में संक्षिप्तीकरण (गद्यावतरण की शब्द – सीमा 150 शब्द एवं संक्षिप्तीकरण लगभग 50 शब्दों में होना चाहिए)
  • वृद्धीकरण – किसी सूक्ति, प्रसिद्ध कथन आदि का भाव विस्तार। (शब्द-सीमा 150 शब्द)
  • पत्र-लेखन एवं प्रारूप् – कार्यालयी पत्र, निविदा, परिपत्र और अधिसूचना।


अंक – 40

किसी समसामयिक एवं अन्य विषय पर निबंध-लेखन (शब्द – सीमा 500 शब्द)

नोट – पाँच विकल्पों में से किसी एक विषय पर निबंध लेखन।

राजस्थानी साहित्य एवं बोलियाँ

कुल अंक – 20

खण्ड-क (कुल अंक – 10)

  • राजस्थानी साहित्य का उद्‌भव एवं विकास
  • राजस्थान की विविध बोलियाँ एवं प्रचलन क्षेत्र
  • राजस्थानी कहावतों/मुहावरों का हिन्दी अर्थ
  • राजस्थानी शब्दों के हिन्दी समानार्थक शब्द
  • राजस्थानी पद्य का हिन्दी अनुवाद

खण्ड – ख (कुल अंक – 10)

इस भाग में राजस्थानी साहित्य के प्रमुख रचनाकारों एवं उनकी रचनाओं से संबंधित एवं लोक साहित्य की विधाओं से संबंधित परिचयात्मक प्रश्न पूछे जाएंगे।

  1. एक सामान्य परिचयात्मक प्रश्न राजस्थानी काव्य/लोकगीतों से संबंधित होगा।
  2. एक सामान्य परिचयात्मक प्रश्न राजस्थानी गद्य की विविध विधाओं/लोक-कथा/लोक-गाथा से संबंधित होगा।

अंग्रेजी (ENGLISH)

कुल अंक – 80

भाग – अ (PART A) 30 Marks English

  • Articles
  • Preposition
  • Change of Voice
  • Change of Narration
  • Determiners
  • Tenses
  • Modals
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Phrasal Verbs & Idioms
  • One word substitute 

Comprehension and Translation

भाग – ब  (PART B) 20 Marks

  • Translation of five sentences (Hindi to English)
  • Comprehension of unseen passage (250 words approx.) followed by 5 questions.

Note: Question No. 5 should preferably be on vocabulary.


भाग – स (PART C) – 30 Marks 

  • Paragraph Writing (200 Words approx.)

(Any one out of 3 topics)

  • Letter Writing / Report Writing: (150 Words approx.)


  • Precis writing